Table of contents

Penile size abnormalities

What's new

Added 2023 EAU guidelines for the diagnosis and management of penile size abnormalities.


Key sources

The following summarized guidelines for the evaluation and management of penile size abnormalities are prepared by our editorial team based on guidelines from the European Association of Urology (EAU 2023). ...
Show more

Diagnostic investigations

History and physical examination: as per EAU 2023 guidelines, elicit a comprehensive medical and sexual history in all patients complaining of short penile size.
Show 4 more
Create free account

More topics in this section

  • Screening for body dysmorphic disorder

Medical management

Hormonal therapy
As per EAU 2023 guidelines:
Initiate endocrinological therapies to restore penile size in boys with micropenis or disorders of sex development.
Do not use testosterone or other hormonal therapies to increase penile size after puberty.

Nonpharmacologic interventions

Weight loss: as per EAU 2023 guidelines, offer lifestyle changes and modification of risk factors, particularly weight loss, to minimize acquired buried penis surgical complications and to optimize surgical outcomes.

More topics in this section

  • Psychotherapy

Therapeutic procedures

Penile traction therapy: as per EAU 2023 guidelines, consider offering penile traction therapy as a conservative treatment to increase penile length.

More topics in this section

  • Vacuum erection devices

  • Penile girth enhancement

Surgical interventions

Penile enlargement surgery: as per EAU 2023 guidelines, consider performing surgical reconstructive techniques in adult patients with acquired buried penis.
counsel patients extensively regarding the benefits and complications of surgery. Perform penile reconstructive surgery for acquired buried penis in high-volume centers.
Show 3 more